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Top 10 Most Interesting Facts about Cologne

A panorama of Cologne and the River Rhine
Photo taken by 123rf.com.  A panorama of Cologne and the River Rhine

Cologne is the fourth-largest city in Germany and the largest in North Rhine-Westphalia. From time immemorial, it’s been one of the biggest European transport centres: on average, it’s crossed by 8 trains every minute. The city is home to the headquarters of the most significant national and regional TV and radio companies, and the country’s largest university. Cologne is also second in the world after New York in terms of the number of galleries. Here, Travel on Spot presents a few more interesting facts about this spectacular German city.

*Cologne is the warmest and most humid of the German cities, as is located in a transition zone between marine and continental climates.

*The Catholic Church has bestowed upon Cologne the title of “holy city”, which has been awarded to only two other cities – Rome and Constantinople (now Istanbul).

Cologne Cathedral
Photo taken by ger1axg - wikimedia.org.  Cologne Cathedral

*Cologne has 22 nature reserves, and 15% of its territory is covered in forests.

*The Cathedral of Cologne – the main symbol of the city – has been under construction from 1248 to 1888. It’s the third-tallest cathedral in the world.

*The Cathedral of Cologne is the final resting place of the Three Kings, whose remains are stored in a reliquary, which took artisans as many as 10 years to make. Furthermore, the cathedral also guards St. Peter’s Staff and his pyx.

Cologne Cathedral
Photo taken by 123rf.com.  Cologne Cathedral

*The world’s largest functional bell, called Peter, can be found in the belfry of the Cologne Cathedral. It weighs 24 tonnes.

*The city is officially held to be Germany’s capital of carnivals.

The historic streets of Cologne are humming with people during Christmas fairs
Photo taken by 123rf.com.  The historic streets of Cologne are humming with people during Christmas fairs

*Cologne has one of Europe’s oldest perfume factories, cranking out bottles of fragrant liquid to this day. The Cologne Museum, located in Glocken Alley, offers its visitors to buy a bottle of the world’s most famous cologne – the Eau de Cologne (which gave birth to the generic name of this type of perfume).

*The city is also home to the Chocolate Museum, which not only acquaints its visitors with the history of this delicacy’s manufacturing process, but also invites them to get a taste – degustation takes place on the museum’s roof. Here you will also find a café that’s excellent for enjoying not only chocolate, but also a majestic view of the Rhine.

Cologne Chocolate Museum
Photo taken by wikimedia.org.  Cologne Chocolate Museum

*During the period of the persecution of witches (1435-1655), the city held 96 trials, with 37 of the accused women being burned at the stake.

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